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Beekeeper’s Notes July 2016: Queen For Sale

Published on: 1 Jul, 2016
Updated on: 2 Jul, 2016

Hugh Coakley keeps bees in Worplesdon and writes a regular column on beekeeping. He talks this month about the wonderful world of queens.

It is always nice to have some quality in the family and that is never more true than when it comes to replacing royalty.

A good queen is so important in a hive. Yet, it is often no more than pot luck when an amateur beekeeper is replacing a queen in one of his hives.

A healthy frame of brood laid by my new Buckfast queen. She is laying like a champion!

A healthy frame of brood laid by my new Buckfast queen. She is laying like a champion! Click on the picture to enlarge it.

What the beekeeper wants is a queen who is a good layer, will produce healthy bees with good temperament and in whose nature it is to bring in a delightful surplus of nectar.

That is easier said than done.

The options the beekeeper has are to breed queens from his own stock or buy in new queens.

Using your own bees is certainly the cheapest way. And there are various methods which beekeepers use with varying degree of success.

The uncertainty comes with not only getting a good, healthy queen but then not knowing the sort of drones that the virgin queen will mate with.

As an amateur, the mating side is pure luck. The queen will head off on her mating flights and will come back – providing she hasn’t been eaten by a passing swallow – having mated with a number of drones.

This does ensure diversity but you can get some unwelcome traits creeping in.

I generally try to make queens from my own bees but I have to say, I am not very good at it and it is a bit hit or miss.

This year, I decided to buy in two Buckfast queens to improve my stock of bees.

My Buckfast Queen rev 1

My Buckfast Queen – photographed on Thursday, June 30. Note that the left wing has been clipped which means it is easier to prevent swarming. It doesn’t appear to cause the queen any harm and the workers, who will very quickly reject an imperfect queen, completely ignore the missing wing.

Originally bred by Brother Adam in Buckfast Abbey, the Buckfast bee is reputed to be very placid, prolific, with a low tendency to swarm and great honey producers.

At £42 per queen, I hope that they live up to their reputation.

But that is on the cheap end when it comes to quality queens. You can pay several hundred pounds for a queen that has been island mated – isolation on an island means that drones can be selected – or artificially inseminated queens where you can guarantee not only the queen’s parentage but also the drone’s.

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test One Response to Beekeeper’s Notes July 2016: Queen For Sale

  1. Harry Eve Reply

    July 1, 2016 at 10:53 am

    Thanks to Hugh Coakley for this fascinating article on our social honey bees and the methods that beekeepers use. At least our honey bees have a home to go to. Solitary bees are “homeless” and have to find somewhere to shelter in wet weather.

    I was fortunate to find a very rare species of mining bee (Andrena hattorfiana) sheltering in an orchid flower yesterday. Previously, I have only found them under less exotic flowerheads.

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